This is an introductory tutorial to Praat, a computer program with which you can analyse, synthesize, and manipulate speech, and create high-quality pictures for your articles and thesis. You are advised to work through all of this tutorial.

You can read this tutorial sequentially with the help of the “1 >” and “< 1” buttons, or go to the desired information by clicking on the blue links.

 Intro 1. How to get a sound: record, read, formula.
 Intro 2. What to do with a sound: write, view.
 Intro 3. Spectral analysis
     spectrograms: view, configure, query, print, the Spectrogram object.
     spectral slices: view, configure, the Spectrum object.
 Intro 4. Pitch analysis
     pitch contours: view, configure, query, print, the Pitch object.
 Intro 5. Formant analysis
     formant contours: view, configure, query, the Formant object.
 Intro 6. Intensity analysis
     intensity contours: view, configure, query, the Intensity object.
 Intro 7. Annotation
 Intro 8. Manipulation: of pitch, duration, intensity, formants.

There are also more specialized tutorials:

    • Voice analysis (jitter, shimmer, noise): Voice
    • Listening experiments: ExperimentMFC
    • Sound files
    • Filtering
    • Source-filter synthesis
    • Articulatory synthesis
    • Feedforward neural networks
    • OT learning
    • Principal component analysis
    • Multidimensional scaling
    • Discriminant analysis
    • Scripting
    • Demo window
    • Printing

The authors

The Praat program was created by Paul Boersma and David Weenink of the Institute of Phonetics Sciences of the University of Amsterdam. Home page: or

For questions and suggestions, mail to the Praat discussion list, which is reachable from the Praat home page, or directly to

Links to this page

© Paul Boersma, 2011