One of the types of objects in Praat. For tutorial information, see Intro 4. Pitch analysis.

A Pitch object represents periodicity candidates as a function of time. It does not mind whether this periodicity refers to acoustics, perception, or vocal-cord vibration. It is sampled into a number of frames centred around equally spaced times.

Pitch commands


Sound: To Pitch (filtered ac)...: preferred method (filtered autocorrelation).
Sound: To Pitch (raw cc)...: raw cross-correlation method.
Sound: To Pitch (raw ac)...: raw autocorrelation method.
Sound: To Pitch (filtered cc)...: filtered cross-correlation method.


Pitch: Draw...

Viewing and editing:



Pitch: To PointProcess: create points in voiced intervals.
Sound & Pitch: To PointProcess (cc): near locations of high amplitude.
Sound & Pitch: To PointProcess (peaks)...: near locations of high amplitude.


Pitch: To PitchTier: time-stamp voiced intervals.
Pitch & PointProcess: To PitchTier...: interpolate values at specified times.

Inside a Pitch object

With Inspect, you will see the following attributes:

start time, in seconds.
end time, in seconds.
the number of frames (≥ 1).
time step = frame length = frame duration, in seconds.
the time associated with the first frame, in seconds. This will usually be in the range [xmin, xmax]. The time associated with the last frame (i.e., x1 + (nx – 1) dx)) will also usually be in that range.
a frequency above which a candidate is considered voiceless.
framei, i = 1 ... nx
the frames (see below).

Attributes of a pitch frame

Each frame contains the following attributes:

the number of candidates in this frame (at least one: the “unvoiced” candidate).
candidatej, j = 1 ... nCandidates
the information about each candidate (see below).

Attributes of each candidate

Each candidate contains the following attributes:

the candidate's frequency in Hz (for a voiced candidate), or 0 (for an unvoiced candidate).
the degree of periodicity of this candidate (between 0 and 1).


The current pitch contour is determined by the path through all first candidates. If the first candidate of a certain frame has a frequency of 0, or a frequency above ceiling, this frame is considered voiceless.

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