Functional Phonology: chapter 5

Chapter 5: Test of the articulation model

This chapter shows that our articulation model can faithfully simulate various phenomena that occur in speech.


5.1   Silence
5.2   Sigh
   Figure 5.1 (sigh muscle activity)
   Simulation creates Praat data files and
   Figure 5.2 (sigh spectrograms)
   Figure 5.3 (sigh physical results)
5.3   Balloon
   Figure 5.4 (balloon muscle activity)
   Simulation creates Praat data file
   Figure 5.5 (balloon physical results)
5.4   The onset of phonation
   Simulation creates Praat data file
   Figure 5.6 (onset of phonation)
5.5   During phonation
   Figure 5.7 (microscopic physics during phonation)
   5.5.1   The motion of the vocal folds during phonation
   5.5.2   Air velocity in the glottis during phonation
   5.5.3   Air pressure in and around the glottis during phonation
5.6   Sustained phonation
   Simulation creates Praat data files or
   Figure 5.8 (register breaks)
5.7   Varying lung pressure
   Simulation creates Praat data file
   Figure 5.9 (intensity as function of lung pressure)
   Figure 5.10 (pitch as function of lung pressure)
5.8   Phonetogram
5.9   Voicing in obstruents
5.10   Voicing contrast using glottal width: aspiration
5.11   Voicing contrast using tract-wall tension: fortis - lenis
5.12   Place-dependent maintenance of voicing
   Simulation creates Praat data files,, and
   Figure 5.16 (ab/ad/ag mouth shapes)
   Figure 5.17 (ab/ad/ag physical results)
5.13   Voiceless by glottal constriction: ejectives
   5.13.1   The production of ejectives
   5.13.2   Simulation of ejectives
      Simulation creates Praat data file
      Figure 5.18 (pharyngeal pressure for ejective)
5.14   Trills
   Sound file [ere] (AIFC, WAV, AU)
   Figure 5.19 (ere)
5.15   Clicks
   Figure 5.21 (bilabial click gestures)
   Simulation creates Praat data file
   Sound file [hoppop] (AIFC, WAV, AU)
   Figure 5.20 (bilabial click physics and acoustics)
5.16   Conclusion
Forward to chapter 6.
Up to the Functional Phonology web site.