This is an introductory tutorial to Praat, a computer program with which you can analyse, synthesize, and manipulate speech, and create high-quality pictures for your articles and thesis. You are advised to work through all of this tutorial.

You can read this tutorial sequentially with the help of the "1 >" and "< 1" buttons, or go to the desired information by clicking on the blue links.

Intro 1. How to get a sound: record, read, formula.
Intro 2. What to do with a sound: write, view.
Intro 3. Spectral analysis
    spectrograms: view, configure, query, print, the Spectrogram object.
    spectral slices: view, configure, the Spectrum object.
Intro 4. Pitch analysis
    pitch contours: view, configure, query, print, the Pitch object.
Intro 5. Formant analysis
    formant contours: view, configure, query, the Formant object.
Intro 6. Intensity analysis
    intensity contours: view, configure, query, the Intensity object.
Intro 7. Annotation
Intro 8. Manipulation: of pitch, duration, intensity, formants.

There are also more specialized tutorials:

    &#•; Voice analysis (jitter, shimmer, noise): Voice
    &#•; Listening experiments: ExperimentMFC
    &#•; Sound files
    &#•; Filtering
    &#•; Source-filter synthesis
    &#•; Articulatory synthesis
    &#•; Feedforward neural networks
    &#•; OT learning
    &#•; Principal component analysis
    &#•; Multidimensional scaling
    &#•; Discriminant analysis
    &#•; Printing
    &#•; Scripting
    &#•; Demo window

The authors

The Praat program was created by Paul Boersma and David Weenink of the Institute of Phonetics Sciences of the University of Amsterdam. Home page: or

For questions and suggestions, mail to the Praat discussion list, which is reachable from the Praat home page, or directly to

Links to this page

© ppgb, January 31, 2011