Downloading Praat for Linux

1. Downloading the Linux edition

To get the Linux edition of Praat, you either do sudo apt-get install praat, or you get it from Debian, or you compile it yourself from the source code, or you download a 64- or 32-bit binary executable on this page. These binaries will only work on Intel and compatible computers.

The binary executable requires the GTK and asound libraries on your computer, and at least version 2.11 of the C library.

To download Praat from this page, click on the appropriate compressed archive:

64-bit edition: praat6040_linux64.tar.gz (11 May 2018; 11.8 MB)
32-bit edition: praat6040_linux32.tar.gz (11 May 2018; 11.5 MB)
barren server edition (64-bit, no GUI, no network, no graphics, no sound): praat6040_linux64barren.tar.gz (11 May 2018; 13.2 MB)
no-GUI server edition (64-bit, no GUI, no network, no sound, but can create graphics files): praat6040_linux64nogui.tar.gz (11 May 2018; 11.7 MB)

Unpack with gunzip and tar xvf. This will create the executable file praat. You can remove the tar file.

2. Do I need the 64-bit edition or the 32-bit edition?

That depends on your operating system: if you have a 64-bit Linux, use the 64-bit edition, and if you have a 32-bit Linux, use the 32-bit edition. However, Praat's 64-bit edition can work with much larger sound files than the 32-bit edition and is not restricted to having 2 GB in its memory, so if you are still using a 32-bit operating system, consider upgrading to a 64-bit operating system if your computer supports it.

3. How to start

Praat will work fine wherever it is on your disk; just type praat or click the icon. If you use Praat for the first time, choose Intro from the Help menu.

4. Phonetic symbols

If you want to see good phonetic characters, you have to install the Charis SIL and the Doulos SIL font, for instance from the packages fonts-sil-charis and fonts-sil-doulos on Debian or Ubuntu:

   sudo apt-get install fonts-sil-charis
   sudo apt-get install fonts-sil-doulos

If you cannot install those packages, you can download the two fonts from Summer Institute of Linguistics and follow the installation instructions there.

5. Running Praat from the command line

To run Praat from a terminal window, write a Praat script and specify that script on the command line, optionally with arguments, e.g.:

   praat --run playsinewave.praat 377 0.9

For details see Calling from the command line in the Scripting manual.

6. Known possible problems, and their solution

1. Sound not working?

Audio on Linux is notoriously fragile. Praat either uses PulseAudio or Alsa, and you choose between these with Praat -> Preferences -> Sound playing preferences. If neither option works, the Ubuntu website suggests 16 steps that you may try to get audio to work.

7. Debian info

Praat is included in the Debian distribution. To install Praat on your Debian computer, do

   aptitude install praat

The Debian package (since version 5.3.56-1) includes a praat-open-files command that allows opening files from the command line inside a Praat process that is already running.

Recent upstream versions of the Praat package backported to the stable and testing distributions of Debian are available in an APT repository.

by Paul Boersma.
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