Paul Boersma's writings on Poverty of the Base

Poverty of the Base is a term that first appeared as the title of section 3.5 of my first paper on sound change in OT (this is section 17.3.5 of Functional Phonology (1998)). The idea is that a language with the three labial obstruents {p, b, v} does not exclude [f] in the production grammar (e.g. by a constraint *[f]), as required by Prince & Smolensky's Richness of the Base, but this language filters out an overt [f] by mapping it to /v/ in the perception grammar.

1997/12/22
Sound change in functional phonology.
Rutgers Optimality Archive 237, 38 pages.
Superseded by chapter 17 of Functional Phonology (1998).
1998/09/14
book
Functional phonology: Formalizing the interactions between articulatory and perceptual drives.
Ph.D. dissertation, University of Amsterdam, 504 pages.
A hardcopy edition is available from the author for free!
For more detail on separate chapters, and scripts, see Functional Phonology (1998).
2000/12/29 The OCP in the perception grammar.
Rutgers Optimality Archive 435. 52 pages.

In a bidirectional model of phonology and phonetics, Richness of the Base does exist in the Auditory Form; after all, a listener will interpret any speechlike sound as some phonological surface structure:

2004/09/22 Richness of the Base is in comprehension.
Presentation (36 slides)
Cognitive Science, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore.
2009 Cue constraints and their interactions in phonological perception and production.
In Paul Boersma & Silke Hamann (eds.): Phonology in perception, 55-110. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
Preprint: 2009/07/26.
Earlier version: Rutgers Optimality Archive 944, 2007/11/11.

If morphemic meaning is included in the model as well, as in the parallel phonological-phonetic view of production, Richness of the Base exists in this lexical Meaning as well; after all, a speaker is able to express any meaning as some phonological structure (as far as the phonologist is concerned):

2007/07/08 The evolution of phonotactic distributions in the lexicon.
Presentation Workshop on Variation, Gradience and Frequency in Phonology, Stanford. 32 slides.

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